100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #29
René Gruau (1909-2004)
Famous for: Fashion Illustration, Advertisement Art
Influenced: Bob Peak, Possibly Earl Oliver Hurst, Possibly Bruce Timm, Possibly Shane Glines, Fashion Illustration, Pop Art
Influenced by: Henri De Toulouse-Lautrec, Pierre Bonnard
René Gruau was a renowned Italian fashion illustrator, known for his blend of highly stylized figures and his bold sense of graphic design. He worked as an illustrator for such fashion magazines as Femina, Marie Claire and Vogue as early as when he was in his late teens and early twenties. Gruau is accredited with bringing the very stylized and sleek style to the world of fashion illustration, something unheard of and very modern for his time. Aside from magazines, he designed advertisements, as well as movie posters, one of which being Fellini’s La Dolce Vita.
100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #28
Earl Oliver Hust (1895-1958)
Country: United States
Famous for: Colliers, Jantzen Swimsuits, McCalls
Influenced: Animation, Possibly Quentin Blake, possibly Bruce Timm, Shane Glines
Influenced by: Possibly Rene Gruau
Earl Oliver Hurst was an American illustrator, known for his very fluid, gestural and heavily stylized characters, often done for swimsuit advertisements and the like. His work has had a profound impact on animators, and those that worked in very stylized manners. He became recognized for his use of line, of which he’d exclusively use brushes for, as well as his non-reliance of photo-reference. Though he’d use reference for certain elements such as hands and fabrics, he’d bend the structures to make them fit his style, as he is cited as stating that using photo reference ‘slows him up’. He is unfortunately on the obscure side in today’s illustrator’s knowledge, but is still a master of what he did.
100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #27
Haddon Sundblom (1899-1976)
Country: Sweden & United States
Famous for: Santa Claus, Coca-Cola, Quaker Oats, Advertisement Art
Influenced: Gil Elvgren, Edward Runci, Joyce Ballantyne, Art Frahm
Influenced by: PossiblyHoward Pyle and J.C Leyendecker
Michigan-born Haddon Sundblom was a Swedish-American advertising illustrator, best known for his commissioned works by Coca-Cola and Quaker, as well as magazine covers for publications such as the Saturday Evening Post. Sundblom created the famous Quaker Oats logo, but is most well-known for basically creating the image of the modern day Santa Claus for Coca-Cola. The lineage of Santa’s image can be traced back to Thomas Nast, who created the basis for the character, then to J.C Leyendecker who streamlined his look, and then finally to Sundblom, who is accredited for giving him the final, jolly look everyone knows today, as well as giving him his iconic red and white costume. Sundblom also did pinup artwork, and because of his soft- painterly style, has influenced some of the most influential pinup artists to ever live, such as Gil Elvgren and Joyce Ballantyne.
100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #26George Herriman (1880-1944)
Country: United States
Famous for: Krazy Kat
Influenced: Will Eisner, Chalres Schulz, Robert Crumb, Art Spiegelman, Bill Watterson, Chris Ware, Patrick McDonnell, Underground Comix
Influenced by: Possibly Thomas Nast, possibly Winsor McCay
George Herriman was a prominent comic strip illustrator, best known for the character, Krazy Kat, whom he created. The comic was famous for its blend of slapstick humor and surrealistic elements, heavy dialogue, androgynous characters and its experimental page layouts. Early in his career, Herriman was found doing political cartoons, as well as illustrations for various humor magazines, creating Krazy Kat in 1913. He is cited as being among the most influential comic strip artists, inspiring such artists as Robert Crumb, Calvin & Hobbes creator, Bill Watterson and even Peanuts creator, Charles Schulz.
Current logo, height sheet, and character turnarounds for a new project I’m developing!
My friend Corey’s upcoming show pitch in the works! Go check his stuff out!
COMIC BOOK CLOSE UP
J O K E R
Clothing and other apparel advertisements from Heavy Metal Magazine, 1977-85.
Last illustration by Dave Stevens.
100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #24
Alberto Vargas (1896-1982)
Famous for: Pinups
Influenced: Dave Stevens, Modern pinup artists, good-girl art
Influenced by: Raphael Kirchner, Charles Dana Gibson, French Fashion Illustration
Alberto Vargas is, along with Gil Elvgren, the most well-known pinup artist in the world. Vargas is famous for his long-bodied, classic females, of which he primarily used an airbrush to create. These paintings would be referred to as the Vargas girls, much in the same vein as Charles Dana Gibson’s Gibson Girl, but indicative of a new era. Vargas painted many of his pieces for Esquire magazine, during the WWII period; The nose and body-art of many WWII aircraft were fashioned after the Esquire pinups, leading Vargas to much popularity. His work would be used in Playboy magazine through the 1950s and 60s, giving him the financial stability and exposure he wanted.
100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #25
Harold “Hal” Foster (1892-1982)
Country: Canada & United States
Famous for: Prince Valiant, Tarzan,
Influenced: Frank Frazetta, Dave Stevens, William Stout, Al WIlliamson, Wally Wood, Joe Kubert, Bernie Wrightson, Jeff Jones, Barry Windsor-Smith, Michael Kaluta, Carl Barks, Steve Ditko, Jack Kirby, Joe Simon, Bob Kane, Bill Ward, Mark Schultz, Burne Hogarth, Gary Gianni, John Buscema, Neal Adams
Influenced by: J.C. Leyendecker, Charles Dana Gibson, Franklin Booth, N.C. Wyeth, Howard Pyle
Born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Hal Foster was a Canadian-American illustrator and comic artist, famous for his Tarzan comics, and for creating the newspaper strip, Prince Valiant, which is still running in newspapers today, making it among the longest running comics in history. Foster is an extremely important figure in the history of comics, particularly in the action/adventure genre. It is suggested by R.C Harvey that Foster and Alex Raymond (creator of Flash Gordon) “created the visual standard by which all such comic strips would henceforth be measured.” Foster brought a dynamic realism to comics unseen before, and like Winsor McCay, was one of the first truly innovative comic artists, elevating comic art to something more than “mere children’s entertainment.” As you can see from the “influenced” list above, Foster is among the most commonly cited influences among comic artists and fantasy illustrators.
100 Illustrators that all Illustrators should know: #23
Al Hirschfeld (1903-2003)
Country: United States
Famous for: Caricatures, Line-drawings
Influenced: Matt Hirschfeld, Caricature art, Humor art, Animation
Influenced by: Charles Dana Gibson, John Held Jr., Miguel Covarrubias
Al Hirschfeld studied at the Art Students League of New York, and is one of the most influential caricaturists to ever live. Hirschfeld is known for his very stylized and expressive caricatures of celebrities, of which he has done thousands. His work has appeared in publications such as The New York Times, TV Guide, Life Magazine and more. Among being influential to caricaturists and humorists, his work has influenced the look of many animators and their animations. He is said to have worked entirely using an authentic Crow-quill pen, and is one of the true masters of using just line.
Haha… no one likes to clean up messes…